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Indigenous Influence on Forest Management on the Menominee Indian Reservation


Until the era of self-determination from 1972 to the present, few Indian
tribes in the United States were able to influence forest management on
their reservations. The Menominee Tribe of Wisconsin is a major
exception; based upon legislation in 1908, they were able to force the
federal government to implement many ideas that are now popular as part
of sustainable forest management: long rotation ages, selection harvest
practices, and long-term monitoring. They also have maintained a mill
throughout to support tribal employment. Other tribes have been able to
implement their own ideas as their control of reservations has
increased; the Intertribal Timber Council has an annual symposium at
which tribes exchange ideas about forest management.