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Metallic nanomesh electrodes with controllable optical properties for organic solar cells


We have fabricated a metallic nanomesh using nanosphere lithography and metal evaporation. The metallic nanomesh has a precisely controlled nanostructure showing excellent uniformity with hexagonally arrayed periodic circular holes. A P3HT:PCBM organic solar cell, with the gold nanomesh electrode, demonstrates a high fill factor of 61% and a considerable power conversion efficiency of 3.12%. Electromagnetic simulation indicates that the optical properties of the metallic nanomesh can be optimized for organic photovoltaic devices by tuning the film thickness, hole diameter, and periodicity. These results show the promising potential of using a metallic nanomesh as the transparent electrode in organic solar cells.